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Shipping from Nigeria to USA: Cost & Steps

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With over 300,000 Nigerians living in the U.S., the demand for shipping items from Nigeria to the USA has surged. Many forward-thinking Nigerian businessmen view this as an opportunity to generate foreign exchange, especially given the high demand for specific items in the United States. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the essential documents required for shipping from Nigeria to the USA, along with a step-by-step process to ensure a smooth export transaction.

Documents Required:

  1. Commercial Invoice:
    • Description of goods, addresses of shipper and seller, delivery and payment terms.
    • Enables the buyer to prove ownership and arrange payment.
  2. Bill of Lading:
    • Contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier.
    • Types: straight bill of lading (non-negotiable) and negotiable bill of lading (can be traded in transit).
  3. Consular Invoice:
    • Some countries may require this to control and identify goods.
    • Purchased from the consulate of the destination country.
  4. Certificate of Origin:
    • Indicates the origin of the export item.
    • Obtained through semi-official organizations like local chambers of commerce.
  5. Inspection Certification:
    • Attests to the specifications of the shipped goods.
    • Obtained from an independent testing organization.
  6. Dock Receipt and Warehouse Receipt:
    • Important for transferring accountability during the export process.
  7. Destination Control Statement:
    • Notifies carriers and foreign parties about restricted destinations.
  8. Insurance Certificate:
    • Specifies type and cost of insurance coverage.
  9. Export License:
    • Obtained from relevant government agencies (e.g., Nigeria Export Promotion Council).
  10. Export Packing List:
    • Enumerates items in each package, used for cargo verification.
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Export Process:

  1. Registration:
    • Register with Nigeria Export Promotion Council (NEPC) to encourage non-oil commodity export.
  2. Form NXP Registration:
    • Complete and register Form NXP with authorized dealers chosen to handle funds and transactions.
  3. Export Steps for Agricultural Produce:
    • Nominate agents (forwarder).
    • Get importer to open a letter of credit.
    • Take insurance policy for cargo.
    • Pay all logistics services.
  4. Forwarder’s Role:
    • Obtaining regulatory certificates.
    • Arranging transportation, inspection, and handling duties.
    • Booking space with shipping agent.
  5. Partners in the Export Process:
    • Shipping company, terminal operator, receiver’s agent, and importer.
    • Responsibilities include vessel arrival, terminal handling, inspection, and cargo reception.
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Conclusion:

Shipping from Nigeria to the USA involves a meticulous process with specific documents and registrations. Whether you are a seasoned exporter or a newcomer, understanding these requirements and steps is crucial for a successful and hassle-free export transaction. For more detailed information and guidance, refer to the Nigeria Export Promotion Council’s website and the Nigerian Customs Service. Start your export journey with confidence and efficiency.

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